Manipur literally meaning “A jeweled land” nestle deep within a lush green corner of North East India. It seems much like an exquisite work of art executed by superb hands of Nature and is indeed a state of exquisite natural beauty and splendors, the beauty of which once inspired Mrs. St. Clair Grimwood described it as “A Pretty Place more beautiful than many show places of the world” Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru paid a fitting tribute by describing it as “Jewel of India”.
Surrounded by blue hills with an oval shaped valley at the centre, rich in art and tradition and surcharged with nature’s pristine glory. Manipur lies on a melting pot of culture. It is birth place of Polo. This is the place where Rajashree Bhagyachandra created the famous Ras Lila, the classical dance of Manipur, out of his enchanting dream by the grace of Lord Krishna.
Her folk dances reveal the mythological concept of creation of Manipur.
Having a varied and proud history from the earliest times, Manipur came under the British Rule as a Princely State after the defeat in the Anglo-Manipuri War of 1891. After independence of India in 1947, the Princely State of Manipur was merged in the Indian Union on October 15,1949 and became a full-fledged State of India on the 21th January, 1972 with a Legislative Assembly of 60 seats of which 20 are reserved for Scheduled Tribe and 1 reserved for Scheduled Caste. The State is represented in the Lok Sabha by two members and by one member in the Rajya Sabha.
MANIPUR AT A GLANCE
Area 22327 sq.km
State Language Manipuri
State Emblem Kangla Shaa
State Bird Nongyeen
State Animal Sangai
State Game Manipuri Polo
State Flower Siroi Lily
Density of Population( per Sq Km.) 82
Literacy Rate (Male) 86.5%
Literacy Rate (Female) 73.2%
Altitude 790 mtrs. above MSL (Imphal)
Latitude 23.830N to 25.680N
Longitude 93.030E to 94.780E
Rainfall 1467.5 mm (Avg.)
Rainy Season May to October
Schedule Tribes 33 (Recongised by Government)
Assembly Constituencies 60 (40 General, 19 ST, 1 SC)
Parliamentary Constituencies 2 (One for Inner and One for Outer)
National Highways 3 (39-Indo-Myanmar road, 53-New Cachar Road, 150-Jessami-Tipaimukh Road)